2 edition of Reducing the risk of AIDS : employing the health belief model to predict condom use. found in the catalog.
Reducing the risk of AIDS : employing the health belief model to predict condom use.
AndrГ©a Patrizia Riesch Toepell
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||153|
Health behavior is a key determinant of overall health, and a person's health behavior is in turn highly dependent on that person's mental health and psychological state. Many noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes are linked to unhealthy behavior such as alcohol and tobacco use, poor diet, and a sedentary lifestyle. Introduction. Throughout the world, governments are striving to initiate programs and confront the threat of HIV/AIDS. In India, perhaps somewhat belatedly, the government is now recognizing the importance of incorporating sociocultural and behavioral contexts in promoting the use of condoms as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy even among heterosexual couples (Bhattacharya, ).
Early in the HIV/AIDS epidemic the Health Belief Model (Becker, ; Maiman and Becker, ; Rosenstock, ) and the Theory of Reasoned Action (Ajzen and Fishbein, ), which had been developed to explain health behaviors, were widely used to identify determinants of HIV risk behavior. He has published more than one hundred articles and book chapters and received numerous grants from the National Institutes of Health to conduct research using the reasoned action approach to develop HIV riskreduction interventions in the United States and sub-Saharan Africa.
mathematical model, R 0 = cD (May and Anderson, ; Anderson, ). In this model, R 0, the reproductive rate of infection, represents the average number of secondary cases of STDs that arise from a new case; c is the mean rate of sexual partner change within the population; is the mean probability of transmission per exposure; and D is the mean duration of infectiousness of newly infected. The United States is already a diverse mix of cultural, racial, and ethnic groups, and will be even more so in future years. The Bureau of the Census estimates that by the year , non-Hispanic whites will constitute 56 percent of the U.S. population, versus 76 percent in ; people of Hispanic origin will be 20 percent of the population in , versus 9 percent in ; and the.
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Using the HBM to predict other health behaviors, apart from the domain of HIV risk reduction, has had mixed results, particularly when the health behaviors in question did not involve simple health-screening activities such as immunization, the health problem that was the original focus of the model (Kirscht & Joseph, ).Cited by: The results indicate that under almost all conditions of prevalence and infectivity, consistent and careful condom use is a far more effective method of reducing the risk of HIV infection.
The Health Belief Model (HBM; Rosenstock, ) was used as the guiding framework for this study. It is used to explain and predict health-related behaviors based on certain belief patterns and assumptions: (1) belief susceptibility to a poor health outcome; (2) perception that a particular health condition is serious enough to warrant action; (3) acceptance of benefits and costs in decision making; and (4) Cited by: 8.
A Menu of Behavior Change Factors. Figure Figure1 1 provides a menu of the various influences on behavior change at each level of the socio-ecological framework based on our review of existing literature on behavior change interventions related to HIV prevention, treatment, and care.
The individual level includes factors comprising the micro-level, such as individual perceptions, beliefs, or Cited by: Multiple regression analysis found that the belief that a sex partner hates condoms was positively associated with inconsistent condom use.
Belief in the use of a condom to prevent HIV infection. Safer Sex and the Health Belief Model. We employed the AIDS Risk Reduction Model to assess condom use during vaginal intercourse for sexually active college students using and not using. Migrants with high condom use self-efficacy may be willing to initiate condom use behaviors, spend efforts on condom use, and use condoms consistently in the face of resistance from partners.
Increasing numbers of university students in Sudan are at risk of contracting HIV because of their engagement in condomless sex.
A comprehensive and culturally accepted condom promotion program could potentially reduce this threat substantially. However, little is known about the sociocognitive determinants of condom use in this population: information that is required to develop such HIV.
The PMT has been shown to predict sexual risk behaviors including condom use intention and actual condom use across a variety of adolescent populations (23,30,31,36,37). Results. A total of of the patient surveys were returned for a final response rate of %.
Table 1 describes the demographics of the patient sample. Overall, the majority of patients were 65 years and older (n =%), male (n =%) and retired (n =%).Additionally, the majority of patients had only been hospitalized once in the past 2 years (n =%.
Introduction. Although some studies don’t agree with the statement that a high level of knowledge is important in obtaining modifications in high-risk behavior (), other studies stress the relevance of information in achieving effective control over behavior (2, 3).Health Belief Model (HBM) has provided important insights to predict human behaviors.
The Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Contraceptive and Condom Use in High Risk Women. Technical Report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (contract grant CSA–). Kingston, RI: Cancer Prevention Research Center; The Health Belief Model (HBM) has provided a useful conceptual framework for preventing risky sexual behaviours, especially in relation to condom use or reducing the number of sexual partners, 15 The HBM has been the most widely used model to investigate not only safer sex behaviours but also safer sex intentions such as abstinence, condom.
Study described the design and implementation of an Osteoporosis Prevention Program for middle-aged women using the Health Belief Model.
Results: improvements in knowledge, attitudes, or behaviors have resulted from participation in osteoporosis education. Using the HBM to predict other health behaviors, apart from the domain of HIV risk reduction, has had mixed results, particularly when the health behaviors in question did not involve simple health-screening activities such as immunization, the health problem that was the original focus of the model.
The AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM) is one of several stages of change models that posit behavior change to be a process in which individuals move from one step to the next as a result of a given stimulus.
The ARRM combines aspects of the health belief model, the diffusion of innovation theory, and social cognitive theory. The PMT has been shown to predict sexual risk behaviors including condom use intention and actual condom use across a variety of adolescent populations (23, 30, 31, 36, 37).
Specifically, the coping appraisal pathway (particularly response efficacy) has predicted intention to initiate sex among Bahamian youth and condom use intention among. Start studying The Health Belief Model, The Transtheoretical Model & Theory of Reasoned Action/Theory of Planned Behavior (HTH Chapters ).
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The health belief model attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals. The key variables of the health belief model are as follows : Degree of perceived risk of a disease.
This variable includes perceived susceptibility of contracting a health condition associated with lack of a healthy diet and its perceived severity once the disease is. Cognitive Behavioral Theories Used to Explain Injection Risk.
Cognitive behavioral theories (CBTs) - focused on properties of the individual - are among the most commonly employed frameworks in the health research and intervention literature (Glanz et al., ), including the literature on risky injection behavior (Gibson et al., ), and are frequently used as the basis for behavioral.
According to the health-belief model, a person would be more likely to engage in safe sex if that person believed that ____.
the benefits of using a condom outweigh the costs While searching for an artifact, Indiana Jones is captured by mercenaries and tied up with rope.A Review of the use of the Health Belief Model (HBM), the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and the Trans-Theoretical Model (TTM) to study and predict health related behaviour change Professor David Taylor, Professor Michael Bury, Dr Natasha Campling, Dr Sarah Carter, Dr Sara Garfied, Dr Jenny Newbould, Dr.
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a tool that scientists use to try and predict health behaviors. It was originally developed in the s, and updated in the s. Overview.